An unrestrained child can be killed in an impact at speeds as low as five mph
In a collision at 30mph, an unrestrained child would hit the front seat - and anyone in it - with a force of between 30 to 60 times their own body weight.
The law states that:
Children under three years must use the child restraint appropriate for their weight in any vehicle (including vans and other goods vehicles). There is only one exception: a child under three may travel unrestrained in the rear of a taxi if the right child restraint is not available.
Rear-facing baby seats must not be used in a seat protected by a frontal air-bag unless the air-bag has been deactivated manually or automatically
In vehicles where seat belts are fitted, children three years to 135cm (approximately 4 foot 5 inches) in height or age 12 (whichever comes first) must use the appropriate child restraint.
Three exceptions allow these children to travel in the rear and use an adult seat belt:
- in a taxi - if the right child restraint is not available
- for a short distance in unexpected necessity, if the right child restraint is not available
- where two occupied child seats in the rear prevent the fitment of a third child seat.
If you need any information or guidance about child car seats please contact Vanessa Ball, email: firstname.lastname@example.org