Around 3.9 million people are currently living with diabetes in the UK and 90% of those affected have Type 2 diabetes.
Nearly 60,000 Derbyshire adults are currently diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and more than 70,000 are pre-diabetic and are at a higher risk of developing the condition.
Health professionals in Derby and Derbyshire are working together to prevent more people developing Type 2 diabetes.
A new scheme is being launched across the county called 'Healthier You. The NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme'.
People at higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes will receive a letter inviting them to take part in the new Healthier You programme.
If you've received an invite from your GP to take part then please do - it's one of the best things you can do to help prevent diabetes.
You can learn more about the programme by downloading the information attached to this page.
On this page you'll also find information about Type 2 diabetes, the signs and symptoms, the health implications and more about the new Healthier You programme.
You can read more about how diabetes affects people's lives in our real life case studies attached to this page.
You can find out more about the NHS Diabetes Prevention Programme (opens in a new window)
Types and effects of diabetes
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high.
There are two main types of diabetes:
- Type 1 − where the pancreas doesn't produce any insulin and is not related to lifestyle. Find out more about Type 1 diabetes (opens in a new window)
- Type 2 − where the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin or the body's cells don't react to insulin. Find out more about Type 2 diabetes (opens in a new window)
Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity and tends to be diagnosed in older people. It's far more common than type 1 diabetes - approximately 90% of diabetes is Type 2.
Undiagnosed and untreated diabetes can have serious long term health implications including cardiovascular disease, blindness, foot ulcers, kidney disease and lower limb amputation.
In England the cost of Type 2 diabetes to the NHS is around £8.8bn or 9% of the NHS budget.
Signs and symptoms
Some of the main symptoms of diabetes include:
- urinating more often than usual, particularly at night
- feeling very thirsty
- feeling very tired
- unexplained weight loss
- itching around the penis or vagina, or frequent episodes of thrush
- cuts or wounds that heal slowly
- blurred vision (caused by the lens of the eye becoming dry)
Five of the main risk factors for developing Type 2 diabetes are:
- age − being over the age of 40 (over 25 for South Asian people)
- genetics − having a close relative with the condition (parent, brother or sister)
- weight − being overweight or obese
- ethnicity − being of south Asian, Chinese, African-Caribbean or black African origin
- Pregnant women who have gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life
Reduce your risk
To find out if you might be at risk of Type 2 diabetes you can take the Know Your Risk test at Diabetes UK (opens in a new window)
The good news is that Type 2 diabetes is often preventable with simple lifestyle changes and this is what the Healthier You programme (opens in a new window) will help you to do.
If you're at risk of Type 2 diabetes you should take the following actions:
- eat a healthy, balanced diet
- lose weight (if overweight) and maintain a healthy weight
- stop smoking
- drink alcohol in moderation
- take plenty of regular exercise.
If you already have Type 2 diabetes, it may be possible to control your symptoms by making the above changes. This will also reduce your risk of developing complications.
For more information about diabetes and advice and help on living with the condition visit Diabetes UK (opens in a new window)
Type 2 Diabetes X-PERT Education Programme
If you have Type 2 diabetes and want to learn how to manage your condition better, you can ask your GP or practice nurse to refer you onto a free six-week education programme. You'll learn more about the condition and how to manage it better yourself.
The course, called 'X-PERT Health Diabetes Programme', is award winning and delivers structured education over six weeks in sessions of two and a half hours per week. X-PERT stands for 'Expert Education versus Routine Treatment'. You'll attend the course along with other people who also want to do the same.
The following documents are in Portable Document Format (PDF). You can download software to view PDF documents for free from the Adobe website (opens in a new window)