History of your house
Finding out about the history of a property can sometimes be difficult. Houses often have a number of uses during their lifetime. They may have been converted from other types of property such as inns or farms. This may make it difficult to imagine what the original property looked like.
The first clues to the age of a house can be found by looking at the house itself and at the other buildings round about. Books on the history of the area may tell you when the area developed or expanded. Background books on building styles and architectural methods may also help.
There are many useful sources available in Derbyshire local studies libraries, and elsewhere, to help you trace the history of your house.
Title deeds and wills
These are normally held by the current owner of the property, or on his/her behalf by a solicitor, bank or building society.
Deeds produced in this century should include building plans with the builder's name, and a ground plan showing the shape and extent of the house and the property boundary.
Earlier deeds are written in Latin rather than in English, and contain less detailed plans and builder information. Some deeds are held by the Derbyshire Record Office. They also hold copies of local wills dating from 1858 to 1928.
Wills made before 1858 are held at Lichfield Record Office:
www.staffordshire.gov.uk/leisure/archives/contact/LichfieldRecordOffice/home.aspx (opens in a new window)
For those owners who are not Derbyshire natives, wills after 1858 are kept at:
First Avenue House
42-49 High Holborn
Tel: 020 7947 7000
www.justice.gov.uk/courts/probate/copies-of-grants-wills (opens in a new window)
A possible source of information, if the property has changed hands in the last 25 years or so, is the Land Registry (opens in a new window). However, they charge a fee for searches of their records. The Nottingham office holds Derbyshire records.
Ordnance Survey maps at the scale 25" to 1 mile are very useful in establishing when houses appeared and showing changes to the ground plan over the years.
A complete set of 1st (from 1876), 2nd (1898-1901) and 3rd (1914-1920s) editions on microfilm, which covers the whole of Derbyshire, are held at Chesterfield and County Hall Local Studies libraries.
Tithe maps, which date mainly from around 1840, exist for most parishes in the county. Field names are given as well as owners and occupiers of land. Owners' names are on the "awards" accompanying them. Chesterfield Local Studies Library holds some tithe maps and awards on microfilm. Other libraries have some local ones on CD. The originals are at Derbyshire Record Office.
Enclosure maps, around 1800, exist for some parishes.
They are at Derbyshire Record Office.
Census returns exist for every 10 years 1841-1911.
But it is often impossible to identify a particular property with any certainty unless you know from other sources who was living in it at the time of the census.
Old trade and telephone directories can be very helpful.
Property sales catalogues
Chesterfield library and the Local Studies library in the Derbyshire Record Office both have collections of property sales catalogues. For larger properties, they may include plans. Smaller modern houses may have only a single page of description.
Chesterfield Local Studies Library holds Burgess Lists and Electoral Registers for the Borough of Chesterfield from 1836, but Derbyshire Record Office holds the main collection for the county. Early registers are alphabetical lists of property-owning residents, and may not give full addresses. Also bear in mind that house numbers, names and street names may change over a period of time.
Photographs and engravings
The oldest photographs in library collections (Chesterfield and the Local Studies library in the Derbyshire Record Office) date back to the 1880s.
Engravings usually show individual buildings such as churches and country houses. Images can be seen online at www.picturethepast.org.uk (opens in a new window)
Taxation and rating records
Hearth tax returns for Derbyshire 1662-1670 have been printed, and show the names of residents in a particular parish. Land tax assessments for the period 1780-1832 are at Derbyshire Record Office.
Rating books, compiled for poor relief or for local authorities in the 19th century, give details of ownership and the rateable value of the property. Unfortunately, many rate records have been lost, and only a few have been passed on to Derbyshire Record Office.
Catalogues and indexes
A search of catalogues and indexes in the library may lead you to other, less obvious, useful items. Older properties may, for example, feature in village or town histories. It is also advisable to contact the Derbyshire Record Office at Matlock, who hold estate papers, manorial records, and court rolls, which may take your search a step further.